Bar Kokhba, Simeon (Bar Kosiba, Simeon)
- (d. 135)Palestinian military leader in the war against Rome in 132-5. At the outbreak of the war, Akiva proclaimed him Messiah; the appelation Bar Kokhba (Son of the Star) was given to him because of his messianic role. His forces captured Jerusalem, but in 133 the Romans counterattacked with an army of 35,000 under Hadrian and the commander Julius Severus. In 134-5 they besieged Bar Kokhba's stronghold Betar, and he was killed.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bar Kokhba — orig. Simeon bar Kosba died AD 135 Leader of an unsuccessful Jewish revolt against Roman rule in Palestine. In 131 Hadrian forbade circumcision and built a temple to Jupiter on the ruins of the Temple of Jerusalem. The Jews rebelled in 132, led… … Universalium
HISTORY — For Prehistory see archaeology ; for Biblical and Second Temple periods, see history . Destruction of the Second Temple until the Arab Conquest (70–640 C.E.) THE EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 66–70 C.E. The Jewish war against the Romans, which lasted… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
WAR AND WARFARE — TO THE DESTRUCTION OF THE FIRST TEMPLE The methods of offensive and defensive warfare developed side by side in the Ancient Near East. The development of weapons was dependent upon the supply of raw materials, such as stone, metal, and wood; the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Nazarene (title) — For other uses, see Nazarene (disambiguation). Mary s Well, said to be the site of the Annunciation, Nazareth, 1917 Nazarene is a title applied to Jesus (c. 4 BC c. AD 30), who grew up in Nazareth … Wikipedia
COINS AND CURRENCY — Jewish and Non Jewish Coins in Ancient Palestine THE PRE MONETARY PERIOD Means of payment are mentioned in the Bible on various occasions; the relevant passages in their chronological order reflect the development of these means from stage to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Aelia Capitolina — (Jerusalem) 130 CE–324 325 CE Jerusalem in the Roman empire under Hadrian showing the location of the Roman legions Preceded by Jerusalem during the Early Roman period Followed by Jeru … Wikipedia